美国***主席山姆·韦伯与芝加哥地区党员座谈当前“占领”运动

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美国***主席山姆·韦伯与芝加哥地区党员座谈当前“占领”运动

帖子  Admin 于 周四 十月 27, 2011 5:01 pm

占领”运动发展与方向

——美国***主席山姆·韦伯与芝加哥地区党员座谈当前“占领”运动







目前,美国各地的“占领”运动正在如火如荼地迅猛展开,其发展和方向还不明朗。为此,身处纽约的美国 ***主席山姆·韦伯决定到美国各地考察这场运动的现状和将来发展的方向。他首先选择了美国中西部地区,先到了密西根州的底特律市,第二站到达芝加哥。 24日晚在美国***芝加哥总部,韦伯主席与芝加哥地区20多名党员/青年团员同志们座谈“占领”运动以及就业问题和2012年的选举。美共芝加哥地区负 责人约翰同志主持会议,他首先简单介绍了这几周以来,芝加哥地区美共党员和青年团员参加“占领”运动的情况,并介绍运动中有9位美共党员和青年团员同志被捕,其中3位出席了当晚座谈会。全体与会者向这3位英雄鼓掌致意。







美国***主席山姆·韦伯向大家介绍了当前“占领”运动的局面和状况。他鼓励广大党员继续积极参加“占领芝加哥”运动。他说,底特律没有出现抓人的情况,芝加哥的情况比较特殊,先后已经两次出现抓捕超过上百名示威者的情况,这必然对运动造成影响,同时也加深民众与市政府之间的矛盾。







韦伯说,此次运动出现得很突然,参与的人数还在不断增加,参与的社团组织越来越多,出现运动的地域越来越广。但是,目前还看不清楚这场运动会朝向什么样的方向发展。目前,这个问题还不是最重要,重要的是人民起来了,参与是自觉的。







从历史经验看,一个国家从经济萧条的出现到民众起来上街抗议,都是有一定时间上的差距的。例如美国1929 年出现经济危机直到1934年才出现大规模的民众上街示威游行。这是因为,民众对经济危机萧条对自身所带来的影响,是需要有一个体验的过程。当民众的情绪 集聚到一定程度的时候,民众就会将这种集聚起来的力量显示出来。运动的产生就是社会集中了民众意见的选择而产生出来的结果。这次运动并非只是美国自己的运动,这个运动已经在世界各地同时出现了。







目前,运动还处于民众对生活需求的诉讼阶段,还没有进入到对社会变革的政治诉求阶段。各参与运动的组织和民众的诉求内容都很不一样,很不一致。目前的口号 是“反对贪婪、失业和分配不均”“99%反对1%”,总的看来,要求就业的诉求是第一位的。年青人参与程度高,是因为他们没有工作,看不到前途。两千五百 万失业大军是这次运动的坚强后盾。但是,可以看到的是,运动的发展方向很可能会是向着政治诉求和社会变革的方向发展。什么时候会出现这种180度的大转弯,不是示威者本身能够决定的,这是由社会整体各个方面的因素在如何面对运动和如何处理运动等事务上的具体操作而将会带来的结果。







此次运动与以往我们所参加的许多运动在形式上有一个很不一样的地方。以前我们参与的大多数劳工运动,采取的方式都是当天举办游行,晚上就散了,而此次的运 动提出来的方式是“占领”,就是示威者在一个地方住下来不走了。而且,此次运动可以看到的是出现了更多的在精神上的诉求以及对社会制度的不满。在这场追求精神的运动中,每个人都在呼喊自己想呼喊的口号,每个人自己书写自己的标语牌,将自己心中所想要抒发的意见制作成标语牌举起来。各种旗帜、标语、传单、报纸,特别是手机网络体现出这场意识形态斗争方面作用的功效和力量。







共和党人在运动开始的时候对运动非常反感,有很多激烈的谩骂声,现在这种声音在降低。纽约的一些政客好像在计划要开始讨论有关运动传递出来的信息。奥巴马 总统在他争取连任的竞选旅途中,不断地在呼吁民众支持他的那个被国会否决的就业计划,在不断批评共和党在就业问题上的态度。美国各地媒体关注此次运动的力度不太相同,纽约的媒体在报道华尔街新闻的同时都不会缺少报道“占领华尔街”运动的近况。







历史的经验可以借鉴,我们可以吸取1935年劳工运动的经验,我们还可以借鉴马德路特金1954年为争取人权运动的开展,专门针对美国国会发动了一场示威 运动。我们要把运动深入搞下去,就要在政治上提出诉求,我们要问政府现在都在干什么,我们要向国会提出新的问题和要求,向国会和国会议员们提出一系列相关问题让他们去回答,这是我们对他们提出的新的考验。




我们的运动很可能会取得胜利的,因为这是一场人民的斗争,一场人民的革命斗争。我们要争取它取得胜利。




韦伯演讲之后,与会者积极提问发言。







一位年轻的大学教授(他正在为芝加哥的同志们讲授马克思主义基本原理,并曾在“占领芝加哥”的运动中被捕)和一位女教师问韦伯主席,在运动中我们要向民众 给出什么样的信息呢?民众看到我们的示威队伍会说:我们很高兴看到你們出来抗议,但是,以后又会怎么样呢?我们光喊不行,许多的事情还必须通过国会修改法案才能够获得实际效益。另一黑人党员表示,他去商场和教堂与人们交谈“占领”运动,还有很多人不知道不清楚。即使是芝加哥有40多个工会组织参加到这场运 动中来,但是,他们仍然不知道应该怎么做。







韦伯说:我们要告诉人们,我们必须一直要斗争下去,直到看到国会真的把资金注入到解决就业的项目上去,注入到包括医疗建康保险、社会安全保障、教育等社会福利上去,改变富人任意无限度领取红利的法律条文。这些新的政治要求将会成为对政治家们新的标准。我们甚至要去摧毁国会。我们要转变对话的话题。我们要直接对国会议员提出质问:你对保障就业的法案是同意还是不同意必须要有一个明确表态。







芝加哥党部的一位负责人说,人们在运动中将学会领导运动的方法,在运动中将会更加接近人民大众,了解人民大众。运动的发展是不在我们的思想意识中产生的,而是在人民的需求中产生的。现在参与运动的青年人的思想非常开放,他们在政治上没有忌讳,不排斥社会主义、共产主义,他们打出马克思、***、格瓦拉的画像,他们在集会上宣讲马克思主义。我们要把运动向纵深的方向发展,不仅仅要占领市中心,对居民区也要占领,要到各图书馆、教堂、学校去活动,去“占领”。




一位党员发言表示,我们要清楚地知道这场运动的重要性在哪里。我们的这场运动并不是戴了什么新帽子,其实我们戴的还是以前的旧帽子,还是为了人民的利益在展开阶级斗争。只不过,统治者阶级并不担心运动对经济内容提出的诉求,他们真正担心的是运动朝向政治变革的方向和社会改造的方向发展。







最后,同志们对芝加哥“占领”运动出现市长命令警察抓人的特殊性进行了讨论。由于芝加哥是60 年代反越战运动的中心,当时的市议会通过了市立公园晚上11点后宵禁的法案。现任芝加哥市长诺曼纽就是依据此法案不断抓捕示威者。第一次被捕的示威者,关押一晚后交125美元罚款后释放,第二次被捕就要经法官判决处置。“占领芝加哥”的运动为什么都是20多岁年青人敢于住进“占领”帐篷过夜,就与此法案有 关。其他许多城市的“占领”运动参与帐篷过夜的示威者的年龄段就很不一样,因为有些是工会在后面出资,就有40多岁的工人积极参与。芝加哥的这条法案在此 次运动中明显地呈现出与美国联邦宪法保护言论集会自由条款是矛盾的。因此,同志们建议芝加哥所有参与此次“占领芝加哥”运动的社团组织联合起来向市政府提 出申请一块可以搭帐篷过夜的地方,这样才能够体现“占领”(即超过24小时的示威活动)。在这方面,芝加哥还希望能够获得美国其他地区的支援帮助。建议 “占领芝加哥”运动的组织者要为被捕的示威者募款,帮助他们解决被捕罚款所遭遇到的困难,建议为他们颁发“占领芝加哥”英雄勋章。







座谈会上同志们共为9位被捕的英雄募捐了200美元。







随后的一周,“占领芝加哥”运动将会有许多场示威活动。据悉,美共芝加哥党部的图书馆将在下月4日正式开幕。




"Occupation" of the development and direction of movement
- American Communist *** Chairman Sam Webb • discussion with the Chicago-area members present "occupation" campaign
[USA and China Network Huda Jiang October 25, 2011] reported that Chicago now, throughout the United States 'occupation' movement is in full swing to expand rapidly, its development and direction is not clear, for, living in New York, United States, Communist *** Chairman Sam • Weber decided to study the movement across the United States current status and future direction of development. He first chose the U.S. Midwest, first to the Detroit, Michigan, the second leg to reach Chicago. 24 evening in the United States Communist *** headquarters in Chicago and the Chicago area more than 20 members forum "occupation" campaign, the U.S. head of John the Chicago area were presiding over the meeting a brief few weeks since the Chicago area to participate in "occupation" of the United States were party members and campaign Youth members have nine members were arrested and three attended the evening forum. All participants to pay tribute to three heroes applauded.
• American Communist *** Chairman Sam Webb to introduce the current "occupation" of the situation and condition of the movement. He majority of party members to actively participate in the Chicago area's "occupation" was pleased to see movement on the development of the movement expressed satisfaction with the situation. He said no arrests Detroit case, Chicago is a bit special, has been arrested twice, more than a hundred people who participate in sports, which resulted in conflicts between the government and people to deepen. He said that the movement appears very suddenly, in a growing number of organizations involved in more and more regions and more widely. However, this is still not clear what kind of games towards the direction of development. This problem is not the most important, is people consciously up.
From a historical perspective, a country's emergence from its economic recession took to the streets to protest the people together, have a certain time gap. Such as the U.S. economic crisis in 1929 until 1934 the population was large-scale street demonstrations. This is because the people on the economic crisis, recession impact on their need for a concentration process. When people's emotions to a certain degree of concentration, when people would gather up the strength of this display. Movement is the social focus of the people have the choice of generated results. This campaign is not just America's own motion, the movement has also emerged around the world.
At present, the movement is still in people's lives needs action, not into the political and social reforms of the stage, movement of people and organizations involved in the appeal of the content is very, very inconsistent. Overall, the requirements of employment demands is the first one, and a relatively high level of participation of young people. That is because they do not work, do not see the future. Twenty-five million unemployed is a strong backing for the campaign. However, you can see is the development direction of movement is likely to be towards the political aspirations and social change direction. What will happen when the 180-degree turn, not the movement itself can determine, this is all by the social aspects of how to deal with movement, the movement will be how to deal with the consequences. The sports and participate in many sports the past, we have a very different place. We participate in most of the previous labor movement, the approach taken is the same day parade held at night on the loose, and the way the movement is made to the "occupation" is a place to live in the demonstration does not go down. Moreover, the campaign can be seen that there are more in the spiritual aspirations. It shows up or a pursuit of the spirit of the movement. Everyone is shouting they want to chant, everyone wants to write to express their own views of mind produced placards lifted. A variety of flags, banners, leaflets, newspapers, especially the mobile phone networks have shown the efficacy reflected this role and power.
Republicans beginning of the campaign reacted strongly, condemning a lot of intense crying, now, these sounds in the lower. Some politicians like New York, plans to begin discussion on the motion to pass out information. President Obama in his fight for re-election campaign trip, constantly vying for votes in support of his appeal to people rejected by Congress in the employment plan, continued to criticize the Republican ***'s attitude on the issue of employment. Media attention to the intensity of the campaign, not the same all over New York's Wall Street news media reports, while not missing reports to "occupy the Wall Street" movement of recent developments.
We can learn from the experience of the labor movement in 1935. We can also learn Madelute gold in 1954 the campaign for human rights, specifically for the U.S. Congress launched a protest campaign. To go out of our movement, we must put forward their claims in politics, we have to ask the *** is now doing, we would like Congress to raise new issues and requirements, a series of questions to the Congress and members of Congress, let them answer, This is our proposed new test them.
We would be a likely victory, because it is a struggle of the people, a people's revolutionary struggle.
Weber speakers, participants actively question statement.
*** members are being taught in Chicago basic principles of Marxism, a young university professor (he was in the "occupation of Chicago," the movement were arrested) and a female teacher raised in the campaign, we want to give the people what kind of information? People will see our demonstration team, said: We are very pleased to see you come out to protest, but, after what will happen? Many things must change bill through Congress was able to obtain real benefits. The other black members, said he went to shopping malls and churches and talk to people "occupation" campaign, many people do not know do not know. Even Chicago has more than 40 trade unions to participate in this campaign, but they still do not know how to do.
Webber said: we want to tell people that we really have to see Congress put money into the project to solve the employment up, injected into our health insurance, including medical, social security, education and other social benefits go up, change the rich receive bonuses legal provisions. These new political demands on the politicians will become the new standard requirements. We are even going to destroy the Congress. We should change the topic of conversation. We asked members of Congress directly to: employment protection bill you agree or not agree to have it clear.
Chicago Department of a party official said, people will learn to exercise leadership in the movement by way of the movement will be closer to the masses, to understand the masses. Development of the movement is not in the minds of our generation, is in the people's demand generated. Ideas for young people to participate in sports very open, they are not politically taboo, do not reject socialism, communism, they play Marx, Mao, Che Guevara's portrait, they preach at the rally of Marxism. We need depth in the direction of movement, not only to occupy the city center, but also the occupation of the residential areas, to go to the library, church, school activities, go to "occupation."
Member of the party have spoken, we know the importance of the movement where. Our campaign was not wearing a new hat, what, in fact, before we wear or old hat, or the interests of the people in order to start the class struggle. But the rulers do not worry about the class content of movement demands on the economy, they really worried about the direction of movement toward political change and social transformation of the direction.
Finally, everyone on the Chicago "occupation" of the campaign the mayor ordered the police to arrest people particularity discussed. Since the 1960s Chicago was the center of the anti-Vietnam War movement, when the City Council through the park after 11 pm curfew bill. Chicago Mayor Nuoman Niu is currently based on this Act continue to arrest demonstrators. The first protesters arrested and detained for one night to pay a fine of $ 125 after the release after the second arrest by the judge must dispose of. "Occupation of Chicago," Why is the movement of young people the courage to live more than 20 years old "occupation" tent overnight, and this bill on the. Many other cities, "occupation" movement in the tent overnight demonstrators on the very different age, as some investors trade unions in the back, so there are more than 40-year-old worker participation. Chicago in the movement of this bill clearly showing in the United States Constitution protects speech and freedom of assembly is a contradiction. Therefore, all those involved in the campaign of the Chicago community organizations come together to apply for a municipal government can place a tent overnight, so as to reflect the "occupation" (ie more than 24 hours of demonstrations). In this respect, Chicago is also hoping to get support to help other parts of the United States. Chicago organizers to raise money for the arrested protesters, were arrested to help them solve the difficulties encountered by a fine, should also be awarded for their heroic medals.
The participants at the forum were arrested a total of nine comrades donations of $ 200.
The following week, "occupation Chicago" campaign will be a lot of other demonstrations. Chicago Department of the Communist *** of the library will be officially opened next month 4.







Date: Sun, 23 Oct 2011 22:21:36 -0500
Subject: Meet and greet CPUSA national chair Sam Webb, Oct. 24
From: jbachtell@gmail.com
To:






Meet and greet

Communist *** USA
national chair Sam Webb

Reflections on the Occupy Movement,
the fight for jobs and the 2012 elections.

Monday, Oct. 24

6:30 pm - light supper
7 pm - discussion

Unity Center, 3339 S Halsted St.
Chicago

For more info: 773-446-9930

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